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Flammability, smoke, mechanical behaviours and morphology of flame retarded natural fibre/Elium® composite
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7724-8467
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2019 (English)In: Materials, ISSN 1996-1944, E-ISSN 1996-1944, Vol. 12, no 7, article id 2648Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The work involves fabrication of natural fibre/Elium® composites using resin infusion technique. The jute fabrics were treated using phosphorus-carbon based flame retardant (FR) agent, a phosphonate solution and graphene nano-platelet (GnP), followed by resin infusion, to produce FR and graphene-based composites. The properties of these composites were compared with those of the Control (jute fabric/Elium®). As obtained from the cone calorimeter and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the peak heat release rate reduced significantly after the FR and GnP treatments of fabrics whereas total smoke release and quantity of carbon monoxide increased with the incorporation of FR. The addition of GnP had almost no effect on carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide yield. Dynamic mechanical analysis demonstrated that coating jute fabrics with GnP particles led to an enhanced glass transition temperature by 14%. Scanning electron microscopy showed fibre pull-out locations in the tensile fracture surface of the laminates after incorporation of both fillers, which resulted in reduced tensile properties. © 2019 by the authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2019. Vol. 12, no 7, article id 2648
Keywords [en]
Elium®, Mechanical properties, Polymer-matrix composites, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Glass transition, Graphene, Morphology, Natural fibers, Resins, Scanning electron microscopy, Smoke, Tensile strength, Cone calorimeter, Flame-retarded, Graphene-based composites, Mechanical behaviour, Nano-platelets, Peak heat release rates, Resin infusion, Tensile fracture surfaces, Polymer matrix composites
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-39935DOI: 10.3390/ma12172648Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85071880886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-39935DiVA, id: diva2:1352800
Note

Funding details: Chalmers Tekniska Högskola; Funding text 1: The financial support for this project is provided by Chalmers Area of Advance: Materials Science. The work was performed by the support of All Wood Composites Platform based in Chalmers University of Technology and the fire tests were sponsored by RISE. The authors would like to thank Arian Nasseri for the technical support in the samples' preparation and thank Mina Fazilati and Amir Masoud Pourrahimi for the assistance in performing the SEM and FTIR tests.

Available from: 2019-09-19 Created: 2019-09-19 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved

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Bisschop, RoelandFörsth, MichaelBlomqvist, Per

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