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Crack face sliding displacement (CSD) as an input in exact GLOB-LOC expressions for in-plane elastic constants of symmetric damaged laminates
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, SICOMP. Linköping University, Sweden.
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
2019 (English)In: International journal of damage mechanics, ISSN 1056-7895, E-ISSN 1530-7921Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The crack opening and crack sliding displacements of both faces of an intralaminar crack are the main parameters defining the significance of each crack in laminate stiffness degradation, according to the previously published GLOB-LOC approach for symmetric laminates with an arbitrary number of cracks in all plies. In the exact stiffness expressions of this approach, the crack density is always multiplied by crack opening displacement and crack sliding displacement. The dependence of crack opening displacement on geometrical and elastic parameters of adjacent plies was studied previously and described by simple fitting functions. The crack sliding displacement has been analyzed for low-crack densities only and the proposed finite element method-based fitting expressions are oversimplified not including the out-of-plane ply stiffness effects. Based on finite element method analysis, more accurate expressions for so-called non-interactive cracks are suggested in the presented article. For the first time the shear stress perturbations are analyzed and interaction functions are presented with the feature that they always lead to slightly conservative predictions. The presented simple fitting functions, when used in the GLOB-LOC model, give predictions that are in a good agreement with finite element method results and with experimental data for laminates with damaged off-axis plies in cases when crack face sliding is of importance. The significance of including crack sliding displacement in stiffness predictions is demonstrated. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications Ltd , 2019.
Keywords [en]
Composite laminates, crack sliding displacement, damage, finite element analysis, transverse cracking, Forecasting, Laminated composites, Shear stress, Stiffness, Stress intensity factors, Composite laminate, Crack opening displacements, Crack sliding, Finite element method analysis, Interaction functions, Sliding displacements, Finite element method
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-39794DOI: 10.1177/1056789519866000Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85070320457OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-39794DiVA, id: diva2:1343732
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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