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Upgrading of Blast Furnace Sludge and Recycling of the Low-Zinc Fraction via Cold-bonded Briquettes
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Swerea MEFOS.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Materials and Production, Swerea MEFOS.
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute, Egypt.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, ISSN 2199-3823Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Depending on the operation of the blast furnace (BF), the main outlet of zinc from the furnace is more or less via the BF dust and sludge. As the dust is recycled to the BF, the sludge has to be de-zinced prior to recycling to prevent the accumulation of zinc in the BF. De-zincing and recycling of the low-zinc fraction via sinter have been reported. However, no research concerning recycling of upgraded BF sludge via cold-bonded briquettes has been performed. In the present study, a fine-grained BF sludge with low zinc content, generated by a BF operating on a ferrous burden of 100% pellets, was upgraded using the tornado process. The process simultaneously dried and separated the BF sludge into a high-zinc and a low-zinc fraction. The feasibility of recycling the low-zinc fraction to the BF using cold-bonded briquettes was studied on a laboratory-scale BF shaft simulator. On comparison with a reference briquette, the experiments indicated that 10 wt% of the upgraded BF sludge can be added to the briquette without negatively affecting the reducibility. Higher additions were found to render the briquette less reduced compared to the reference under test conditions corresponding to the central part of the BF. The strength of the briquettes was not compromised with the addition of the upgraded BF sludge, and a decision to study the briquettes in the LKAB experimental blast furnace was made in order to evaluate the behavior under actual BF conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2019.
Keywords [en]
Blast furnace sludge, Cold-bonded briquettes, De-zincing, Laboratory-scale blast furnace, Recycling, Upgrading
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-39411DOI: 10.1007/s40831-019-00225-xScopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065727551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-39411DiVA, id: diva2:1335942
Available from: 2019-07-08 Created: 2019-07-08 Last updated: 2019-07-08Bibliographically approved

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