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Overview of research on fire safety in underground road and railway tunnels
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7744-2390
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9340-6768
2018 (English)In: Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, ISSN 0886-7798, E-ISSN 1878-4364, Vol. 81, p. 568-589Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the past two decades, the interest in fire safety science of tunnels has significantly increased, mainly due to the rapidly increasing number of tunnels built and the catastrophic tunnel fire incidents occurred. This paper presents an overview of research on fire safety in underground road and railway tunnels from the perspectives of fire safety design. The main focuses are on design fires, structural protection, smoke control and use of water-based fire suppression systems. Besides, some key fire characteristics, including flame length, fire spread, heat flux and smoke stratification, are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 81, p. 568-589
Keywords [en]
Design fire, Fire characteristics, Fire safety, Fire suppression, Railway tunnel, Road tunnel, Smoke control, Structural protection, Underground tunnel, Fire protection, Fires, Heat flux, Railroads, Roads and streets, Smoke, Smoke abatement, Tunnels, Design fires, Railway tunnels, Underground tunnels, Railroad tunnels, control system, fire management, railway, road, safety, tunnel design
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-35588DOI: 10.1016/j.tust.2018.08.013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052484757OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-35588DiVA, id: diva2:1261219
Available from: 2018-11-06 Created: 2018-11-06 Last updated: 2018-11-06Bibliographically approved

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Li, Ying ZhenIngason, Haukur

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v. 2.35.7