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Measures and Steps for More Efficient Use of Buildings
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3863-0740
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, article id 1949Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As urbanization continues and more people move into cities and urban areas, pressure on availablelandfornewconstructionswillcontinuetoincrease. Thissituationconstitutesanincentiveto reviewtheneedforinteriorspaceandusesofexistingbuildings. Agreatdealcanbegainedfromusing existingbuildingsmoreefficientlyinsteadofconstructingnewones: Reducedresourceusageduring construction(investments,naturalresources,andenergy),operation,andmaintenance;moreactivityper squaremeterofbuildingscreatesagreaterbasisforpublictransportandotherservices;moreintensive useofbuildingscreatesamorevibrantcitywithoutbuildingonvirginland. Theaimofthispaperisto initiateadiscussionregardinghowdigitalizationcanaffectthedemandandsupplyofinteriorspace in existing buildings and elaborate on how policy can support more resource-efficient uses of space. New activity-based resource measurements intended for use in buildings are proposed, and several principles that have the potential to decrease environmental impact through more efficient usage of space are outlined. Based on these ideas for encouraging the flexible use of building spaces that are facilitatedbydigitalizationandthenewmeasurementapproaches,afour-stepprincipleforconstruction isproposed: Thefirststepistoreducethedemandforspace,thesecondistointensifyusageofexisting space, the third is to reconstruct and adapt existing buildings to current needs, and the fourth is to constructnewbuildings. Urgingpolitical,municipal,construction,andreal-estatedecisionmakersto contemplatethisprinciple,particularlyinviewofthenewconditionsthatdigitalizationentails,willlead tomoresustainableconstructionand,inthelongterm,asustainablebuiltenvironment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. article id 1949
Keywords [en]
resource use; energy use; interior space utilization; buildings; sharing; digitalizatio
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33929DOI: 10.3390/su10061949OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33929DiVA, id: diva2:1216337
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-11 Last updated: 2018-06-11

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Mjörnell, Kristina

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CiteExportLink to record
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