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Use of biomass in integrated steelmaking – Status quo, future needs and comparison to other low-CO2 steel production technologies
University of Oulu, Finland.
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea MEFOS.
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 213, p. 384-407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper provides a fundamental and critical review of biomass application as a reducing agent and fuel in integrated steelmaking. The basis for the review is derived from the current process and product quality requirements that also biomass-derived fuels should fulfill. The availability and characteristics of different sources of biomass are discussed and suitable pretreatment technologies for their upgrading are evaluated. The existing literature concerning biomass application in bio-coke making, blast furnace injection, iron ore sintering and production of carbon composite agglomerates is reviewed and research gaps filled by providing insights and recommendations to the unresolved challenges. Several possibilities to integrate the production of biomass-based reducing agents with existing industrial infrastructures to lower the cost and increase the total efficiency are given. A comparison of technical challenges and CO2 emission reduction potential between biomass-based steelmaking and other emerging technologies to produce low-CO2 steel is made. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 213, p. 384-407
Keyword [en]
Bioenergy, Biomass, Biomass upgrading, Blast furnace, CO2 emission reduction, Steel industry, Blast furnaces, Carbon, Carbon carbon composites, Carbon dioxide, Emission control, Gas emissions, Iron and steel industry, Iron ores, Iron research, Ore sintering, Reducing agents, Reduction, Sintering, Steelmaking, Steelmaking furnaces, Bio-energy, Biomass-derived fuels, Carbon composite agglomerates, Industrial infrastructure, Integrated steelmaking, Pretreatment technology, Steel production technology
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33522DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.01.060Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042720586OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33522DiVA, id: diva2:1192814
Available from: 2018-03-23 Created: 2018-03-23 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved

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