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Every Second Counts: Integrating Edge Computing and Service Oriented Architecture for Automatic Emergency Management
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-0908-1483
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Viktoria. Halmstad University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1043-8773
2018 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Transportation, ISSN 0197-6729, E-ISSN 2042-3195, Vol. 2018, article id 7592926Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Emergency management has long been recognized as a social challenge due to the criticality of the response time. In emergency situations such as severe traffic accidents, minimizing the response time, which requires close collaborations between all stakeholders involved and distributed intelligence support, leads to greater survival chance of the injured. However, the current response system is far from efficient, despite the rapid development of information and communication technologies. This paper presents an automated collaboration framework for emergency management that coordinates all stakeholders within the emergency response system and fully automates the rescue process. Applying the concept of multiaccess edge computing architecture, as well as choreography of the service oriented architecture, the system allows seamless coordination between multiple organizations in a distributed way through standard web services. A service choreography is designed to globally model the emergency management process from the time an accident occurs until the rescue is finished. The choreography can be synthesized to generate detailed specification on peer-to-peer interaction logic, and then the specification can be enacted and deployed on cloud infrastructures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 2018, article id 7592926
Keywords [en]
Accidents, Architecture, Civil defense, Computation theory, Computer architecture, Disasters, Distributed computer systems, Edge computing, Emergency services, Information services, Response time (computer systems), Risk management, Specifications, Web services, Collaboration framework, Computing architecture, Distributed intelligence, Emergency response systems, Information and Communication Technologies, Multiple organizations, Peer-to-peer interaction, Service choreographies, Service oriented architecture (SOA)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33461DOI: 10.1155/2018/7592926Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042465118OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33461DiVA, id: diva2:1189370
Note

 Funding details: H2020-644178; Funding text: T his work is supported by the EU H2020 Project CHOReV-OLUTION Automated Synthesis of Dynamic and Secured Choreographies for the Future Internet with Project no. H2020-644178.

Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-08-14Bibliographically approved

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Chen, LeiEnglund, Cristofer

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