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Metrology for hydrogen energy applications: a project to address normative requirements
Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais (LNE), France.
National Physical Laboratory (NPL), UK.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Chemistry and Materials.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4037-3106
MAHYTEC, France.
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2018 (English)In: Measurement science and technology, ISSN 0957-0233, E-ISSN 1361-6501, Vol. 29, no 3, article id Special Section on the 18th International Congress of Metrology (CIM 2017)Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hydrogen represents a clean and storable energy solution that could meet worldwide energy demands and reduce greenhouse gases emission. The joint research project (JRP) ‘Metrology for sustainable hydrogen energy applications’ addresses standardisation needs through pre- and co-normative metrology research in the fast emerging sector of hydrogen fuel that meet the requirements of the European Directive 2014/94/EU by supplementing the revision of two ISO standards that are currently too generic to enable a sustainable implementation of hydrogen. The hydrogen purity dispensed at refueling points should comply with the technical specifications of ISO 14687-2 for fuel cell electric vehicles. The rapid progress of fuel cell technology now requires revising this standard towards less constraining limits for the 13 gaseous impurities. In parallel, optimized validated analytical methods are proposed to reduce the number of analyses. The study aims also at developing and validating traceable methods to assess accurately the hydrogen mass absorbed and stored in metal hydride tanks; this is a research axis for the revision of the ISO 16111 standard to develop this safe storage technique for hydrogen. The probability of hydrogen impurity presence affecting fuel cells and analytical techniques for traceable measurements of hydrogen impurities will be assessed and new data of maximum concentrations of impurities based on degradation studies will be proposed. Novel validated methods for measuring the hydrogen mass absorbed in hydrides tanks AB, AB2 and AB5 types referenced to ISO 16111 will be determined, as the methods currently available do not provide accurate results. The outputs here will have a direct impact on the standardisation works for ISO 16111 and ISO 14687-2 revisions in the relevant working groups of ISO/TC 197 ‘Hydrogen technologies’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 29, no 3, article id Special Section on the 18th International Congress of Metrology (CIM 2017)
Keywords [en]
fuel cell electric vehicles; analytical methods; hydrogen storage; metal hydrides; ISO standards; hydrogen purity
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33368DOI: 10.1088/1361-6501/aa99acOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33368DiVA, id: diva2:1187742
Conference
18th International Congress of Metrology (CIM 2017)
Available from: 2018-03-05 Created: 2018-03-05 Last updated: 2018-03-16Bibliographically approved

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Arrhenius, Karine

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