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A robust parameter estimation of FHSS signals using time–frequency analysis in a non-cooperative environment
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, Acreo. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia.
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia.
2018 (English)In: Physical Communication, ISSN 1874-4907, E-ISSN 1876-3219, Vol. 26, p. 9-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Frequency hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) signals are widely implemented in both modern civilian and military applications. They are robust to channel impairments because of their low probability of interception. For applications that require the interception of FHSS signals, the signal parameters such as the hopping frequencies, hopping duration and hopping sequence should be accurately measured. In this paper, an accurate FHSS signal parameter estimation method is proposed based on quadratic time–frequency distributions (QTFDs). The extended modified B-distribution (EMBD) and the adaptive smoothed Wigner–Ville (SWWVD) are used which have the properties of high time–frequency resolution. The adaptive SWWVD requires no prior knowledge of the signal parameters since the kernel parameters are estimated from the signal characteristics and are compared to the EMBD which operates at the optimal kernel parameters. The proposed instantaneous frequency (IF) estimate method is compared to the time–frequency (TF) moments method and benchmarked with the Cramer–Rao lower bounds (CRLBs). The computational complexity of the IF estimation method is reduced by a factor of five compared to the TF moments method. Furthermore, the results show that the IF estimation method outperforms moments method where the mean-squared error (MSE) of the hopping frequencies estimate meets at minimum SNR of −3 dB and the hopping duration estimate MSE meets the CRLB at SNR of 0 dB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 26, p. 9-20
Keywords [en]
Frequency estimation, Frequency hopping, Mean square error, Military applications, Signal analysis, Signal to noise ratio, Frequency distributions, Frequency hopping spread spectrum, Frequency resolutions, Instantaneous frequency, Low probability of interceptions, Robust parameter estimation, Signal characteristic, Signal parameter estimation, Parameter estimation
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33240DOI: 10.1016/j.phycom.2017.10.013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85034021433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33240DiVA, id: diva2:1185680
Note

Funding details: R.J130000.7924.4S118, UTM, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia; *Funding text: The authors would like to thank Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) under project Vot No. R.J130000.7924.4S118 and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI), Malaysia for providing the resources for this research.

Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-03-16Bibliographically approved

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