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Procedure for implementing new materials to the component additive method
Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia.
Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia.
ETH Zürich, Switzerland.
Technical University of Munich, Germany.
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2017 (English)In: Fire safety journal, ISSN 0379-7112, E-ISSN 1873-7226Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The performance of light timber frame wall and floor assemblies in fire depends on their composition. The assemblies' ability to form fire-separations between building compartments (separating function) can be assessed by full-scale fire testing or calculation methods. Calculations are the low cost and more flexible alternative.The component additive method is a commonly used calculation method for fire design of timber structures. The method considers the insulation ability of the material layers present in the assembly. The component additive method described in this article is developed to be flexible to implement different materials and products of different dimensions. However, the amount of different materials currently included in this method is rather limited and there is no generally accepted procedure to implement new materials.This paper presents a common agreement of the procedure to implement new materials which comprises of: (1) the design and execution of model-scale fire tests; (2) determination of the modified thermal properties needed for simulations; (3) thermal simulations of assemblies in fire conditions; (4) development of design equations and; (5) verification by one or more full-scale fire test(s). The abovementioned steps have been clearly presented in this paper and supported by examples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
Component additive method, Fire safety design, Fire tests, Thermal simulations, Timber structures, Ability testing, Fire protection, Fires, Flammability testing, Timber, Additive methods, Fire safety designs, Structural design
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-33164DOI: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.09.006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029795034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-33164DiVA, id: diva2:1176704
Available from: 2018-01-23 Created: 2018-01-23 Last updated: 2018-07-20Bibliographically approved

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