Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Extension and optimization of the load range of DRT test systems for testing extra-long HV and UHV cables
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik, ISSN 0932-383XArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the last few years, the demand for testing extra-long cables, such as submarine cables has grown rapidly. The existing testing methods have been complemented by a new testing technology called DRT (Differential Resonance Technology). This testing method enables testing of extra-long cables by comparably small and light-weight equipment using a low frequency for the test voltage, e.g. 0.1 Hz up to 5 Hz. This leads to a significant decrease of the required power of the test source (P. Mohaupt and A. Bergman in CIGRE 2010). In a resonant circuit only the losses of the generator's individual components, specifically the high voltage reactor, have to be covered by the mains. The testing power itself remains fully compensated. Typical ratios between the testing power and the input power of resonant test systems start at 50 and go up to 100, depending on the load. Unfortunately, voltage generation based on inductive generation principles such as resonant circuits cannot economically be used for frequencies below 10 Hz due to the massive iron cores needed for such a low frequency. The DRT method for the generation of low frequency high voltage is based on a high frequency voltage whose amplitude is modulated by the desired low frequency. Using a resonator, which is tuned to the high frequency, and a demodulator, the desired low frequency high voltage can be generated (P. Mohaupt and A. Bergman in CIGRE 2010; P. Mohaupt and T. Mehl in Jicable 2011). The input power required-and in direct relation to this the size and weight of the equipment-is significantly smaller than for other existing methods. In order to optimize the operation performance of the DRT system, this paper describes mathematical methods and algorithms, which have already been implemented and tested in a DRT test set. The basis for these algorithms is a mathematical description of the system based on an envelope model. Using this mathematical description of the nonlinear system behavior, a systematic analysis of the performance and the limits of the system can be given. The theoretical approach was experimentally proven by measuring the output voltage and the input power of a prototype unit ultimately designed to produce 200 kV rms. A first test was performed at SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, using their reference measurement system for very low frequency (VLF) S. Bergman and A. Bergman (Proc. CPEM Conf. Dig., pp. 682-683, 2010; IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 60:2422-2426, 2011) to measure the high VLF voltage. The reference measurement system provides a traceable uncertainty of down to 0.04 % over a voltage range up to 200 kV rms. The frequency range of the reference system is from 0.1 Hz up to 50 Hz. This system permits acquisition of complete wave-forms that can be analysed for harmonic content and/or THD (Total Harmonic Distortion). Further tests are planned, where the connected load will be increased to the specified maximum 1 μF at 200 kV, and the characteristics will be explored both as regards to output voltage quality, input power requirements and distortion on the input current. © 2013 CIGRE -- Reprint from www.cigre.org with kind permission.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keywords [en]
cable testing, DRT, on-site testing, testing of sea cables, variable frequency resonant test system, very low frequency, VLF
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-32463DOI: 10.1007/s00502-012-0109-xScopus ID: 2-s2.0-84872314727OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-32463DiVA, id: diva2:1154718
Available from: 2017-11-03 Created: 2017-11-03 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Bergman, Anders

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bergman, Anders
By organisation
SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 7 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.3