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Piggybacking on an Autonomous Hauler: Business Models Enabling a System-of-Systems Approach to Mapping an Underground Mine
RISE, Swedish ICT, SICS, Security Lab.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7879-4371
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, ICT, SICS.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2933-1925
Boliden, Sweden.
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With ever-increasing productivity targets in mining operations, there is a growing interest in mining automation. In future mines, remote-controlled and autonomous haulers will operate underground guided by LiDAR sensors. We envision reusing LiDAR measurements to maintain accurate mine maps that would contribute to both safety and productivity. Extrapolating from a pilot project on reliable wireless communication in Boliden's Kankberg mine, we propose establishing a system-of-systems (SoS) with LIDAR-equipped haulers and existing mapping solutions as constituent systems. SoS requirements engineering inevitably adds a political layer, as independent actors are stakeholders both on the system and SoS levels. We present four SoS scenarios representing different business models, discussing how development and operations could be distributed among Boliden and external stakeholders, e.g., the vehicle suppliers, the hauling company, and the developers of the mapping software. Based on eight key variation points, we compare the four scenarios from both technical and business perspectives. Finally, we validate our findings in a seminar with participants from the relevant stakeholders. We conclude that to determine which scenario is the most promising for Boliden, trade-offs regarding control, costs, risks, and innovation must be carefully evaluated. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2017.
Keyword [en]
system-of-systems, business models, architecturally significant requirements, software ecosystems, mining automation
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-32381DOI: 10.1109/RE.2017.55OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-32381DiVA, id: diva2:1152789
Conference
25th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference, September 4-8, 2017, Lisbon, Portugal
Projects
PIMM
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2017-10-26 Created: 2017-10-26 Last updated: 2018-03-13Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8049143/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1705.05087.pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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