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Inter-and intra-annual wood property variation in juvenile wood between six Sitka spruce clones
University College Dublin, Ireland.
RISE, Innventia. RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
University College Dublin, Ireland.
2017 (English)In: Silva Fennica, ISSN 0037-5330, E-ISSN 2242-4075, Vol. 51, no 4, 7728Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increased growth rates have reduced rotation lengths, increasing the proportion of juvenile wood relative to mature wood, which may negatively affect mechanical performance of sawn timber. However, there is limited information available on the potential impact of breeding for vigour on juvenile wood in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) CarriÚre). In this study, the relationship between vigour (based on total height) and wood properties was investigated in six-year-old Sitka spruce clones grown in two replicated field trials in Ireland. Six clones were evaluated, two clones from each of three vigour (high, intermediate and low) classes. Discs were cut from the base of one ramet per replication for each clone to assess wood quality attributes. Radial tracheid width was significantly and positively correlated with ring width and height, and was negatively correlated with density. The wood of the most vigorous clone had significantly larger ring width with thinner cell walls and wider tracheids than all clones in the two other vigour classes, resulting in lower mean wood density. Latewood properties for all wood attributes measured differed significantly between the two sites. Wood property differences resulted primarily from variation in the proportions of early- and latewood in each annual ring. Additionally, the width of early- and latewood bands in each ring was found to be a more important determinant of juvenile wood quality than the characteristics of the cells within each band. Wood properties differed greatly between clones, suggesting that there is potential to improve juvenile wood properties through selective breeding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Finnish Society of Forest Science , 2017. Vol. 51, no 4, 7728
Keyword [en]
Clone cells; Cloning; Forestry; Productivity; Timber, Clonal forestry; Picea sitchensis; Selective breeding, Stem height, Wood properties, Wood, Picea sitchensis
National Category
Forest Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31376DOI: 10.14214/sf.7728Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85030236160OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-31376DiVA: diva2:1149613
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2017-11-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
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