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Effect of short-term thermomechanical densification of wood veneers on the properties of birch plywood
Ukrainian National Forestry University, Ukraine.
Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Built Environment, Building Technology.
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, ISSN 0018-3768, E-ISSN 1436-736XArticle in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of plywood panels made from pre-compressed birch (Betula verrucosa Ehrh.) veneer were evaluated. Veneer sheets underwent short-term thermo-mechanical (STTM) compression at temperatures of 150 or 180 °C and at pressures of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 or 3.5 MPa for a period of 1 min prior to adhesive being applied and pressed into panels using phenol formaldehyde adhesive at 100 g/m2 spread rate; this was one-third less than the adhesive spread used for the control panels (150 g/m2). The pressing pressure was 1.0 MPa, which was almost half of the pressure used for the control panels (1.8 MPa); and pressing time was 3 min, also half of the pressing time used for the control panels (6 min). The results showed that surface roughness of compressed veneer, water absorption and thickness swelling of plywood panels made from compressed veneer were significantly improved. The shear strength values of plywood panels made from compressed birch veneer even with reduced adhesive spread were higher than those of plywood panels made from uncompressed veneer. The findings in this study indicated that compression of birch veneer could be considered as an alternative to produce more eco-friendly (owing to smaller adhesive spread) value-added material with enhanced properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Plywood, Surface roughness, Water absorption, Wood products, Betula verrucosa, Compressed veneer, Enhanced properties, Phenol-formaldehyde adhesives, Physical and mechanical properties, Pressing pressure, Thermo-mechanical, Thickness swelling, Veneers
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31340DOI: 10.1007/s00107-017-1233-4Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029546039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-31340DiVA: diva2:1147589
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2017-10-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
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