Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Ascending stair evacuation: walking speed as a function of height
DeBrand Sverige AB, Sweden.
Briab Brand & Riskingenjörerna AB, Sweden.
Lund University, Sweden.
Lund University, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: Fire and Materials, ISSN 0308-0501, E-ISSN 1099-1018, Vol. 41, no 5, 514-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is reason to believe that factors such as physical exertion and behavioural changes will influence the ascending walking speed and ultimately the possibility of satisfactory evacuation. To study these effects, a 2-year research project was initiated with the focus on effects of physical exertion on walking speeds, physiological performance and behaviours during long ascending evacuations. Two sets of experiments on human performance during ascending long stairs, with a height of 48 and 109 m, were performed. The results include aspects such as walking speeds, physical exertion (oxygen consumption, heart rates and electromyography data), perceived exertion and behavioural changes, showing that physical work capacity affects walking speeds in case of long ascending evacuation and should be considered while using long ascending evacuation. Analysis of both walking and vertical speeds is recommended because it provides additional insights on the impact of stair configuration on vertical displacement and the importance of not using the same value for walking speed for different stairs because the design of the stairs has an impact. The novel datasets presented in this paper are deemed to provide useful information for fire safety engineers both for assisting fire safety design as well as the calibration of evacuation modelling tools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 41, no 5, 514-534 p.
Keyword [en]
ascending evacuation, fatigue, human behaviour, physical exertion, vertical speed, walking speed, Behavioral research, Electromyography, Ergonomics, Fatigue of materials, Fires, Safety engineering, Speed, Stairs, Behavioural changes, Evacuation modelling, Fire safety designs, Human behaviours, Vertical displacements, Accident prevention
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31362DOI: 10.1002/fam.2410Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85010189131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-31362DiVA: diva2:1147572
Available from: 2017-10-06 Created: 2017-10-06 Last updated: 2017-10-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus
By organisation
Safety
In the same journal
Fire and Materials
Civil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 1 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.28.0