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Yield stress of cement grouts
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7856-2324
CPUT Cape Peninsula University of Technology, South Africa.
Skanska AB, Sweden ; KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, ISSN 0886-7798, E-ISSN 1878-4364, Vol. 61, p. 50-60Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The rheology of cement grout is complex due to its thixotropic nature and the presence of a yield stress. Despite the importance of the yield stress for grouting design, no standard methods are yet available to determine the yield stress. Most common methods are based on using conventional rheometers, but the results are subjective due to the measurement techniques, applied shear history and hydration. In this work, measurement of the yield stress of cement grout was performed with different measurement techniques using a conventional rheometer. In addition, in-line measurements using an ultrasound based technique were made in order to visualize the flow profile and perform a direct measurement of the yield stress. Two ranges of yield stress, static and dynamic yield stress, were measured. These results should be used for design purposes depending on the prevailing shear rate. The ultrasound based Flow Viz industrial rheometer was found capable of performing direct in-line measurement of the yield stress and providing a detailed visualization of the velocity profile of cement grout.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 61, p. 50-60
Keywords [en]
Cement grout, In-line rheology, Pulsed Ultrasound Velocimetry + Pressure Difference, Thixotropy, Yield stress, Cements, Dielectric losses, Elasticity, Grouting, Mortar, pH effects, Prestressed materials, Rheometers, Ultrasonic applications, Cement grouts, Direct measurement, Grouting designs, In-line measurements, Measurement techniques, Pressure differences, Velocity profiles
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-31127DOI: 10.1016/j.tust.2016.09.009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84988643522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-31127DiVA, id: diva2:1136485
Available from: 2017-08-28 Created: 2017-08-28 Last updated: 2018-07-20Bibliographically approved

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Wiklund, Johan

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