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Interconnectivity imaged in three dimensions: Nano-particulate silica-hydrogel structure revealed using electron tomography
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden ; SuMo Biomaterials, VINN Excellence Centre, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden .
SuMo Biomaterials, VINN Excellence Centre, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden ; Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden .
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience. SuMo Biomaterials, VINN Excellence Centre, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
SuMo Biomaterials, VINN Excellence Centre, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden ; Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden .
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2017 (English)In: Micron, ISSN 0968-4328, E-ISSN 1878-4291, Vol. 100, 91-105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have used Electron Tomography (ET) to reveal the detailed three-dimensional structure of particulate hydrogels, a material category common in e.g. controlled release, food science, battery and biomedical applications. A full understanding of the transport properties of these gels requires knowledge about the pore structure and in particular the interconnectivity in three dimensions, since the transport takes the path of lowest resistance. The image series for ET were recorded using High-Angle Annular Dark Field Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (HAADF-STEM). We have studied three different particulate silica hydrogels based on primary particles with sizes ranging from 3.6 nm to 22 nm and with pore-size averages from 18 nm to 310 nm. Here, we highlight the nanostructure of the particle network and the interpenetrating pore network in two and three dimensions. The interconnectivity and distribution of width of the porous channels were obtained from the three-dimensional tomography studies while they cannot unambiguously be obtained from the two-dimensional data. Using ET, we compared the interconnectivity and accessible pore volume fraction as a function of pore size, based on direct images on the nanoscale of three different hydrogels. From this comparison, it was clear that the finest of the gels differentiated from the other two. Despite the almost identical flow properties of the two finer gels, they showed large differences concerning the accessible pore volume fraction for probes corresponding to their (two-dimensional) mean pore size. Using 2D pore size data, the finest gel provided an accessible pore volume fraction of over 90%, but for the other two gels the equivalent was only 10–20%. However, all the gels provided an accessible pore volume fraction of 30–40% when taking the third dimension into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 100, 91-105 p.
Keyword [en]
Accessible volume fraction, Colloidal silica gel, Electron tomography, Interconnectivity, Porous soft materials, Silica nanoparticle gel, Electric impedance tomography, Electrons, High resolution transmission electron microscopy, Medical applications, Pore size, Scanning electron microscopy, Silica, Silica gel, Tomography, Transmission electron microscopy, Volume fraction, Accessible volume, Colloidal silica, Silica nanoparticles, Soft material, Hydrogels
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-30813DOI: 10.1016/j.micron.2017.04.012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85019875116OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-30813DiVA: diva2:1135485
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2017-08-23Bibliographically approved

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