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The theoretical framework of fire safety design: Reflections and alternatives
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
2017 (English)In: Fire safety journal, ISSN 0379-7112, E-ISSN 1873-7226Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

This article aims to contribute to discussions and reflections upon the practice and theory of fire safety design. Are we reaching the results we want by the best available means? The theoretical framework of fire safety design is today restricted by a linear design process where mainly quantitative data and methods matters. A deterministic approach to safety ignores the decision-making context and considers each objective in isolation. Alternative methods for the fire safety design could view the design work as an iterative problem solving process between the designers and the stakeholders. Then decision making theory can be applied to solve the problem. In the iterative process key objectives are identified and the problem and its solutions are being reframed, creative inherently safer (cannot fail) and fail safe (forgiving to errors) alternatives are initially aimed at. Design should further embrace a function-centred view of the human-technology-structure system. A utilitarian evaluation that includes also qualitative factors can identify the best trade-offs between conflicting objectives. With a diversity of perspectives on fire safety design, the field of fire safety will be strengthened and be able to assist a rapidly changing world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Fire safety design, Fire safety engineering, Fire safety science, Scientific paradigm, Theoretical framework, Decision making, Decision theory, Design, Economic and social effects, Fire protection, Fires, Iterative methods, Problem solving, Fire safety designs, Safety engineering
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-29604DOI: 10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.034Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85018171453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-29604DiVA: diva2:1095974
Available from: 2017-05-16 Created: 2017-05-16 Last updated: 2017-05-16Bibliographically approved

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