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End-Of-Life Textiles as Reinforcements in Biocomposites
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF. University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Journal of polymers and the environment, ISSN 1566-2543, E-ISSN 1572-8919Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

A number of attempts have been made to recycle cotton/polyester blend woven fabrics after use; however, most of these fabrics are disposed of in landfills. Major part of these blend fabrics are not recycled due to complexity of the fibre arrangement and cannot be separated economically. This study shows that these discarded woven fabrics could be directly used as reinforcements in composites without fibre separation. Uniform alignment in the woven fabric provided consistent properties to the composites. The fabrics were reinforced by soybean-based-bioresins to produce biocomposites. The composites were analysed for mechanical, thermal, viscoelastic and morphological properties. Porosity and wettability of the composites were also evaluated. Results demonstrate that the tensile strength and modulus of over 100 and 10 MPa, respectively, can be obtained without any fibre treatment. Furthermore, impact strength over 70 kJ/m2 was obtained without any chemical treatment on fibres. The porosity of the composites produced was less than 9 vol%. Additionally, the fabrics were treated with alkali in order to improve the fibre–matrix interface and the composite properties were studied. From the economical perspective, these composites can be produced at a low cost as the major component is available for free or low cost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Contact angle, Mechanical properties, Porosity, Reuse, Textile composites, Blending, Composite materials, Fibers, Impact strength, Recycling, Reinforcement, Tensile strength, Textiles, Bio-composites, Chemical treatments, Composite properties, Fibre separation, Matrix interfaces, Morphological properties, Textile composite, Weaving
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-29341DOI: 10.1007/s10924-017-0965-xScopusID: 2-s2.0-85013858809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-29341DiVA: diva2:1093899
Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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v. 2.24.1