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Carbon fibres from precursors produced by dry-jet wet-spinning of kraft lignin blended with kraft pulps
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Swerea, Swerea IVF.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5212-780X
RISE, Innventia. RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4858-7352
RISE, Innventia. RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioeconomy.
2017 (English)In: Holzforschung, ISSN 0018-3830, E-ISSN 1437-434X, Vol. 71, no 4, 275-283 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A part of kraft lignin (KL) can be used as a value-added product without detracting the chemical recovery and the energy balance of the kraft mill. The focus of this study is the production of light-weight carbon fibres (CFS) from KL obtained by the LignoBoost process. For this purpose, crude KL and various cellulose products from kraft pulping of hardwood (HW) and softwood (SW) were dissolved in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([EMIm][OAc]) and submitted to dry-jet wet-spun to obtain precursor fibres containing 70% KL and 30% cellulose, which were thermally stabilised and further converted by thermal treatments into CF. The initial and final products were characterised with respect to, e.g. mole mass distribution, thermal properties, tensile strength and tensile modulus determination. The optimised precursor fibres are smooth and flexible with similar mechanical properties as commercial textile fibres. The best CFS made had a tensile strength of 780 MPa and a tensile modulus of 68 GPa and are thus stronger and stiffer than those produced by melt-spinning of SW-based lignins alone. The new CFS based on dry-jet wet-spun precursors still have a high potential for further improvements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 71, no 4, 275-283 p.
Keyword [en]
carbon fibre (CF), dry-jet wet-spun, ionic liquid (IL); kraft pulp, precursor fibre, softwood kraft lignin (KL), tensile modulus, tensile strength
National Category
Bioprocess Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-29403DOI: 10.1515/hf-2016-0189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-29403DiVA: diva2:1091302
Available from: 2017-04-26 Created: 2017-04-26 Last updated: 2017-10-27Bibliographically approved

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