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Scaling exponent and dispersity of polymers in solution by diffusion NMR
University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, Australia.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience. University College London, Adelaide, Australia.
University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, Australia.
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Bioscience and Materials, Agrifood and Bioscience. University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, Australia.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 493, 393-397 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Molecular mass distribution measurements by pulsed gradient spin echo nuclear magnetic resonance (PGSE NMR) spectroscopy currently require prior knowledge of scaling parameters to convert from polymer self-diffusion coefficient to molecular mass. Reversing the problem, we utilize the scaling relation as prior knowledge to uncover the scaling exponent from within the PGSE data. Thus, the scaling exponent—a measure of polymer conformation and solvent quality—and the dispersity (Mw/Mn) are obtainable from one simple PGSE experiment. The method utilizes constraints and parametric distribution models in a two-step fitting routine involving first the mass-weighted signal and second the number-weighted signal. The method is developed using lognormal and gamma distribution models and tested on experimental PGSE attenuation of the terminal methylene signal and on the sum of all methylene signals of polyethylene glycol in D2O. Scaling exponent and dispersity estimates agree with known values in the majority of instances, leading to the potential application of the method to polymers for which characterization is not possible with alternative techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 493, 393-397 p.
Keyword [en]
DOSY, End-group analysis, Flory exponent, Gamma distribution, Lognormal distribution, Molar mass, Molecular weight distribution, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy, Polydispersity Index, Polymers, Pulsed field gradient, Pulsed gradient spin echo, Scaling law, Self-diffusion, Codes (symbols), Diffusion, Diffusion in liquids, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Molecular mass, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Polydispersity, Probability distributions, Scaling laws, Spin polarization, Log-normal distribution, Polydispersity indices, Pulsed field gradients, Pulsed gradient spin echos
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-29179DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2017.01.058ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85010281293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-29179DiVA: diva2:1086620
Available from: 2017-04-03 Created: 2017-04-03 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved

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