Using FTIR to determine toxic gases in fires with Li-ion batteries
2016 (English)In: Fire and Materials, ISSN 0308-0501, E-ISSN 1099-1018, Vol. 40, no 8, 999-1015 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Batteries, in particular lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, are seen as an alternative to fossil fuels in the automotive sector. Li-ion batteries, however, have some safety issues including possible emissions of toxic fluorine-containing compounds during fire and other abuse situations. This paper demonstrates the possibilities to use the Fourier transform infrared technique to assess some of the most important compounds, including hydrogen fluoride and the far less often measured POF3 and PF5. The study is conducted in the cone calorimeter with different solvents used in Li-ion batteries. The measurements show that, in addition to hydrogen fluoride, with a known high toxicity, POF3 is emitted and can be quantified using Fourier transform infrared. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 40, no 8, 999-1015 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-28339DOI: 10.1002/fam.2359OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-28339DiVA: diva2:1078964