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Full Scale Tunnel Evacuation Experiment to Determine Appropriate Emergency Exit Portal Designs in Road Tunnels
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
Lund University, Sweden.
Bengt Dahlgren Brand & Risk AB, Sweden.
Lund University, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Proceedings from the Seventh International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, 2016, p. 441-452Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, the execution and results of an evacuation experiment that was conducted in a road tunnel in Stockholm in 2014 is presented. The primary objective of the experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of different emergency exit portal designs, and other technical installations/aids in the tunnel, during a fire evacuation in smoke. Based on the results, it is concluded that the emergency exit portal design, which was developed and evaluated prior to the experiment, seems appropriate for the intended use. However, in order to increase the portal may be complemented with information signs on the wall opposite to the exit, way-finding signs including distances to the closest emergency exits on both tunnel walls, and a loudspeaker installation that can inform evacuating people about the location of the available exits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. p. 441-452
Keywords [en]
evacuation, experiment, human behaviour in fire, road tunnel, smoke, emergency exit, design, exit choice
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-28320ISBN: 978-91-88349-11-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-28320DiVA, id: diva2:1078442
Conference
Seventh International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, March 16-18, 2016, Montreal, Canada
Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-03-03 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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