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Modelling of hollow core concrete construction exposed to fire
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Fire Research.
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report summarises the results of a project which was intended to study the response of hollow core and prestressed concrete construction exposed to fire. Two fires in the past 12 years highlighted the susceptibility of this type of construction to fire, a car park fire in Rotterdam and a department store fire in Vantaa. The car park fire has been extensively studied elsewhere and has led to much research on the response of hollow core construction exposed to fire. The department store fire has been less well reported.The report gives a short overview of these two fires, and then reports on a literature review of the response of prestressed and hollow core concrete construction exposed to fire. The comprehensive analyses carried out elsewhere are an excellent starting point for further study.The report then goes on to discuss the application of different concrete models to prestressed concrete construction. Other work reported elsewhere shows that results of modelling prestressed concrete construction exposed to fire is very susceptible to the concrete model which is used, and so finite element modelling of two fire tests of hollow core slabs is carried out to evaluate the impact of the concrete model on this type of construction. It is found that an explicit formulation of transient strain in concrete has a significant impact compared with an implicit formulation of transient strain, in the overall behaviour of the hollow core slab and also in the response of, e.g. the prestessing tendons.Finally, an analytical method for assessing the capacity of prestressed concrete construction under ambient conditions is extended to apply to hollow core slabs exposed to fire. This is used to compare the response of prestressed hollow core slabs to prestressed monolithic slabs exposed to fire and to study different parameters which influence the response and the capacity of hollow core units in fire.Based on the results of the analytical modelling, it can be seen that hollow core concrete construction experiences a far higher thermal gradient and resulting thermal moment than monolithic concrete construction. This is a result of the geometry of the cross section which effectively traps heat in the lower flange. This in turn leads to a faster loss of prestressing force on the cross section than in a monolithic concrete section. This contributes to a faster reduction in the ultimate moment of hollow core slabs compared with monolithic concrete construction.However changing the prestressing tendon depth has a significant effect on the evolution of the ultimate moment under fire exposure. A shallow tendon with little cover has higher capacity at ambient and under fire exposure for a short duration, whereas a tendon with a large amount of cover has a lower ambient capacity, but retains more of this capacity for longer under fire exposure.The analytical method which is proposed is not capable of capturing the nuances in behaviour and response of the finite element method which is reported, nevertheless it is useful in helping to understand the response of prestressed concrete construction exposed to fire. It may also be useful as a screening tool for evaluating the impact of different design options either in hollow core slabs themselves or when making choices in the design phase. However, both the analytical and the numerical modelling suffer from a lack of good quality experimental data which could be used for their evaluation and this should be considered in the future.Key words: prestressed concrete, hollow core slabs, fire, modelling

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 58 p.
Series
SP Rapport, ISSN 0284-5172 ; 2016:52
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27996ISBN: 978-91-88349-54-5 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27996DiVA: diva2:1072238
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07 Last updated: 2017-02-28Bibliographically approved

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