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Thermal comfort in the supermarket environment - Multiple enquiry methods and simultaneous measurements of the thermal environment
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
2016 (English)In: Refrigeration Science and Technology, 2016, 41-48 p.Conference paper, (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the supermarket environment three factors must be considered: food (food quality), personnel (working conditions), and customers. The customers do not remain in this environment very long but are of particular interest since they constitute the supermarket's commercial basis. However, there are no recommendations on the indoor environment based on this category. This study compares the perceived indoor thermal environment with simultaneous objective measurements of the thermal environment and includes multiple enquiry methods. These methods have been used for this specific environment in order to understand how customers perceive, evaluate, and prefer variations in the thermal environment. Measurements were performed in summer and winter in front of twelve display cabinets, and over 1100 questionnaires have been received. To provide recommendations, this study presents measured and perceived comfort in supermarkets, information which can be used for prescribing suitable thermal environments for customers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 41-48 p.
Keyword [en]
Display cabinets, Interdisciplinary, Supermarket, Thermal comfort, Thermal environment, Chains, IIR filters, Retail stores, Sales, Surveys, Display cabinet, Indoor environment, Indoor thermal environments, Objective measurement, Simultaneous measurement, Sustainable development
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27670DOI: 10.18462/iir.iccc.2016.0006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84975853456ISBN: 9782362150142 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27670DiVA: diva2:1059212
Conference
4th IIR International Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain, 7 April 2016 through 9 April 2016
Note

References: ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55, Thermal environmental conditions for human occupancy, Atlanta: American society of heating (2004) Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Eng., Inc., 30p; Axell, M., Lindberg, U., Field measurements in supermarkets (2005) Proc. Vicenza Conf., C. R. Conf. Vicenza, IIF/IIR, 8p; De Dear, R., Fountain, M., Field experiments on occupant comfort and office thermal environments in a hot-humid climate (1994) ASHRAE Trans, 100, pp. 457-474; Fanger, P.O., Thermal comfort (1970) Copenhagen, Denmark, p. 244. , Danish Technical Press; Foster, A.M., The benefits of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for modelling processes in the cold chain (1996) FRPERC, UK, 52p; Foster, A.M., Quarini, G.L., Using advanced modelling techniques to reduce the cold spillage from retail display cabinets into supermarket stores to maintain customer comfort (2001) Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, pp. 29-38; ISO 7730, Ergonomics of the thermal environment (2005) Analytical Determination and Interpretation of the Thermal Comfort Using Calculation of the PMV and PPD Indices and Local Thermal Comfort Criteria, 52p; ISO 10551, Ergonomics of the thermal environment (1995) Assessment of the Influence of the Thermal Environment Using Subjective Judgement Scales, 18p; ISO 7726, Ergonomics of the thermal environment (1998) Instr. for Measuring Physical Quantities, p. 51; Lindberg, U., Indoor thermal environment in Supermarkets (2009) A Study of Measured and Perceived Comfort Parameters, D2009:04, 173p. , Chalmers University of Technology, Building Services. Sweden; Newsham, G.R., Tiller, D.K., A field study of office thermal comfort using questionnaire software (1997) ASHRAE Transactions. Research, 103 (2), 15p. , Boston; Oliveira, A., Gaspar, A., André, J., Quintela, D., Subjective analysis of cold thermal environments (2014) Applied Ergonomics, 45 (3), pp. 534-543; Rupp, R., Vásquez, N., Lamberts, R., A review of human thermal comfort in the built environment (2015) Energy and Buildings, 105 (10), pp. 178-205; Simone, A., Crociata, S., Martellotta, F., The influence of clothing distribution and local discomfort on the assessment of global thermal comfort (2013) Building and Environment, 59 (1), pp. 644-653; Skoog, J., Fransson, N., Jagemar, L., Thermal environment in Swedish hospitals: Summer and winter measurements (2004) Energy and Buildings, 37, pp. 872-887

Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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