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Methods for predicting temperatures in fire-exposed structures
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.
2016 (English)In: SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Fifth Edition, Springer, 2016, 1102-1130 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The fire resistance of structural elements is traditionally determined by standard fire endurance tests. However, there is also a need to be able to predict the response of structures of various designs when exposed to alternative design fire conditions. Accurate and robust analytical methods are then needed. Such methods may also be used for predicting standard tests of, for example, structural elements that cannot betested due to their size or for extending test results to modified structures. © Society of Fire Protection Engineers 2016. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. 1102-1130 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27681DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2565-0_34Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84957010222ISBN: 9781493925650 (ISBN); 9781493925643 (ISBN) OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27681DiVA: diva2:1059155
Note

References: Holman, J.P., (1976) Heat Transfer, , 4th ed., McGraw Hill, New York; Wickstrom, U., Duthinh, D., Mc Grattan, K.B., (2007) Adiabatic Surface Temperature for Calculating Heat Transfer to Fire Exposed Structures, Interflam, , Interscience Communications, London, UK; Mc Grattan, K.B., Hostikka, S., Floyd, J.E., Baum, H.R., Rehm, R.G., (2005) Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 5), Technical Reference Guide, , National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD; Wickstrom, U., Hermodsson, T., Comments on Paper by Kay, Kirby, and Preston, Calculation of the Heat in Rate of an Unprotected Steel Member in a Standard Fire Resistance Test (1997) Fire Safety Journal, 29 (4), pp. 337-343; Flynn, D., Response of high performance concrete to fire conditions: Review of thermal property data and measurement techniques (1999) NIST GCR, 99-767. , National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD; Thermal insulation -- Determination of steady-state thermal resistance and related properties, , Guarded hot plate apparatus; Adl-Zarrabi, B., Bostrom, L., Wickstrom, U., Using the tps method for determining the thermal properties of concrete and wood at elevated temperature (2006) Fire and Material, 30, pp. 359-369; Sterner, E., Wickstrom, U., TASEF—Temperature Analysis of Structures Exposed to Fire (1990) SP Report 1990:05, Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, , Boras, Sweden; Wickstrom, U., Tasef-2—a computer program for temperature analysis of structures exposed to fire (1979) Ph.D. Dissertations, Lund Institute of Technology, Department of Structural Mechanics, Report, 79-2. , Lund, Sweden; Sterner, E., Wickstrom, U., TASEF Temerature Analysis of Structures Exposed to Fire (1990) SP Report 1990:05, , SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Boras, Sweden; Fransen, J.M., Kodur, V.K.R., Mason, J., A computer program for analysis of structures submitted to fire (2000) User’s Manual of SAFIR, 2001. , University of Liege, Belgium; (2001), 1-3. , version 6.2, Hibbit, Karlsson and Sorensen, Inc., Pawtucket, RIhttp://www.ansys.com, Canonsburg, PennsylvaniaBathe, K.J., (1996) Finite Element Procedures, , http//www.comsol.com, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ; (1998) American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, , Reston, VA; Wickstrom, U., Palsson, J., (1999) A Scheme for Verification of Computer Codes for Calculating Temperature in Fire Exposed Structures, SP Report 1999:36, Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, , Boras, Sweden; Wickstrom, U., An evaluation scheme of computer codes for calculating temperature in fire exposed structures (1999) Interflam; Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structures—Part 1-2: General Rules StructuralFire Design (2005) European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Brussels, , Belgium; Hamann, J., Muller, R., Rudolphi, R., Schriever, R., Anwendung von Temperatur- Berechnungsprogrammen auf kritische Referenz- beispiele des Brandschutzes (1999) Bundesanstalt fur Materialforschung und -priifung, , Berlin; Wickstrom, U., Temperature analysis of heavily- insulated steel structures exposed to fire (1985) Fire Safety Journal, 5, pp. 281-285; Melinek, S.J., Thomas, P.H., Heat flow to insulated steel, fire (1987) Safety Journal, 12, pp. 1-8; Wang, Z.H., Kang, H.T., Sensitivity study of time delay coefficient of heat transfer formulations for insulated steel members exposed to fires (2006) Fire Safety Journal, 41, p. 31; Wickstrom, U., Temperature calculation of insulated steel columns exposed to natural fire (1981) Fire Safety Journal, 4, p. 219; Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete Structures Part 1-2: General RulesStructural Fire Design (2004) European Committee for Standardization, , CEN Brussels, Belgium; Wickstrom, U., A very simple method for estimating temperature in fire exposed concrete structures (1986) Proceedings of New Technology to Reduce Fire Losses & Costs, , S.J. Grayson and D.A. Smith, eds.), Elsevier, New York; Wickstrom, U., Application of the Standard Fire Curve for Expressing Natural Fires for Design Purposes, Fire Safety: Science and Engineering, ASTM STP 882 (1985) ASTM STP 882, pp. 145-159. , American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia; Wickstrom, U., Natural fires for design of steel and concrete structures—a swedish approach (1989) International Symposium on Fire Engineering for Building Structures and Safety, the Institute of Engineers, Australia, , National Conference Publication No. 89/16, Melbourne; Wickstrom, U., Hadziselimovic, E., (1996) Equivalent Concrete Layer Thickness of a Fire Protection Insulation Layer Paper, Fire Sa, Brandteknik, , Odense, Denmark; Badders, B.L., Mehaffey, J.R., Richardson, L.R., Using commercial fea software packages to model the fire performance of exposed glulam beams (2006) Fourth International Workshop, , Structures in Fire Aveiro, Portugal; Fung, F.C.W., A Computer Program for the Thermal Analysis of the Fire Endurance of Construction Walls (1977) NBSIR 77.1260, , National Bureau of Standards, Washington, DC; Gammon, B.W., (1987) Reliability Analysis of Wood-Frame Wall Assemblies Exposed to Fire, Ph.D. Dissertation, , University of California, Berkeley; Eurocode 5, Design of Timber Structures Part 1-2: General RulesStructural Fire Design (2004) European Committee for Standardization (CEN), , Brussels, Belgium; Sultan, M.A., A comparison of heat exposure in fire resistance test furnaces controlled by plate thermometers and by shielded thermocouples (2004) Interflam 2004, Edinburgh, Scotland, pp. 219-229

Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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