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Pyrolysis of Nordic biomass types in a cyclone pilot plant — Mass balances and yields
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energy Technology Center.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energy Technology Center.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energy Technology Center.
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energy Technology Center.
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2016 (English)In: Fuel processing technology, ISSN 0378-3820, E-ISSN 1873-7188, Vol. 152, 274-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fast pyrolysis of biomass results in a renewable product usually denoted pyrolysis oil or bio-oil, which has been suggested to be used as a direct substitute for fuel oil or as a feedstock for production of transportation fuels and/or chemicals. In the present work, fast pyrolysis of stem wood (originated from pine and spruce), willow, reed canary grass, brown forest residue and bark has been performed in a pilot scale cyclone reactor. The experiments were based on a biomass feeding rate of 20 kg/h at three different reactor temperatures. At the reference condition, pyrolysis of stem wood, willow, reed canary grass, and forest residue resulted in organic liquid yields in the range of 41 to 45% w/w, while pyrolysis of bark resulted in lower organic liquid yields. Two fractions of pyrolysis oil were obtained, denoted as the condensed and the aerosol fraction. Most of the water soluble molecules were collected in the condensed fraction, whereas the yield of water insoluble, heavy lignin molecules was higher in the aerosol fraction. Based on the results of the present work, willow, reed canary grass and forest residue are considered as promising raw materials for production of pyrolysis oil in a cyclone reactor. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 152, 274-284 p.
Keyword [en]
Biomass, Cyclone, Pilot, Pyrolysis, Yield, Aerosols, Forestry, Molecules, Petroleum transportation, Pilot plants, Storms, Condensed fraction, Reactor temperatures, Reference condition, Renewable products, Transportation fuels, Water-soluble molecule
National Category
Bioenergy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27594DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2016.06.015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84977487588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27594DiVA: diva2:1057857
Note

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