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Silicon nitride granule friction measurements with an atomic force microscope: effect of humidity and binder concentration
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2001 (English)In: Powder Technology, ISSN 0032-5910, E-ISSN 1873-328X, Vol. 119, p. 241-249Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study introduces the atomic force microscope (AFM) for direct measurement of internal and external friction in ceramic powder pressing. The experiments were performed between two single granules and a granule and a hard metal substrate as a function of granule binder concentration, relative humidity and sliding velocity. Granule-substrate measurements proved the friction coefficient to decrease with increasing humidity within a specific binder concentration, the effect being more pronounced for low concentrations. The friction coefficient also decreased with increasing binder concentration. Evaluation of the adhesion force showed a steady increase with both humidity and binder concentration. A substantial difference, almost an order of magnitude, was seen for the highest binder concentration at low and high humidities. We attribute these findings to the hygroscopic nature of the binder, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Softening of the PEG at increasing humidities lowers the friction coefficient but increases the adhesion force. The results are consistent with flowability measurements and pressing performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 119, p. 241-249
Keywords [en]
Atomic force microscope, granule, friction, adhesion, binder, powder compaction
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27396OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27396DiVA, id: diva2:1054400
Note
A1367Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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