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Association and phase behaviour of statistical and block copolymers of ethylene oxide and butylene oxide in water
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1997 (English)In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 38, 1659-1668 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Three copolymers of ethylene oxide (EO) and 1,2-butylene oxide (BO) were prepared by anionic polymerization to have similiar molar masses (Mn ≈ 7000 g mol-1), molar mass distributions (Mw/Mn<1.1) and compositions (80mol% oxythylene) but different chain structures. A triblock copolymer was prepared by sequential copolymerization of EO followed by BO, and two statistical copolymers were prepared from mixed monomers, either to low (15%) or to high (93%) conversion. The disparity in reactivity ratios in the EO/BO copolymerization resulted in pronounced composition drift along the chains of the high conversion statistical copolymer, giving it the character of a block copolymer. This composition profile was checked by 13C n.m.r. spectroscopy. The association behaviour of the statistical copolymers in aqueous solution at 25°C was studied by dynamic and static light scattering. The low conversion statistical copolymer remained in its molecular state across the concentration range studied (up to 100 g dm-3), but the high conversion statistical copolymer associated into molecular clusters and micelles. Cloud point curves were determined for solutions of the three copolymers. The effect of associations on phase behaviour is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 38, 1659-1668 p.
Keyword [en]
Ethylene oxide, butylene oxide, copolymers, association, phase behaviour
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27392OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27392DiVA: diva2:1054396
Note
A1122Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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