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Reactive surfactants in heterophase polymerization. 10. Characterization of the surface activity of new polymerizable surfactants derived from maleic anhydride
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
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1997 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 13, 176-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Characterization of the surface activity of previously obtained polymerizable dialkyl maleates is performed to find out the relation between the structure of surfactants and their performances. The given polymerizable surfactants were synthesized for using in the emulsion polymerization. Three groups of dialkyl maleates-nonionic, cationic and zwitterionic-with different chain lengths of hydrophobic alkyl groups are investigated. Critical micelle concentration (cmc) values are determined for water soluble surfactants. It is found that cmc decreases with increasing chain length of the hydrophobic alkyl group. For nonionic and cationic surfactants interfacial tension at the interface between water and dodecane is measured. Droplet size in oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions is determined for all given surfactants. Cationic and zwitterionic dialkyl maleates with the longest investigated alkyl chain (R=C16H33, C17H35) provide good stability of O/W emulsions. In order to compare the obtained results, measurements with well-known surfactants-nonionic nonylphenol-poly(ethylene oxide) (NPEO10) and cationic hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB)-are performed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 13, 176-181 p.
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27259OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27259DiVA: diva2:1054263
Note
A1084Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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