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Influence of long-chain alcohols on the adsorption of nonionic surfactants to silica
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
1999 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 15, p. 7719-7724Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The adsorption of surfactant-alcohol mixtures at the silica-water interface was studied by means of ellipsometry. The results show that addition of even small amounts of alcohol can have large effects on the characteristics of the adsorbed layer. For example, a 20% replacement of the octa(ethylene glycol) dodecyl (C12E8) surfactants by dodecanol results in an increase in the total surface excess of 80%. The thickness of the adsorbed layer, on the other hand, is virtually unaffected by the alcohol being added. Hence, as the alcohol content increases, the adsorbed surfactant aggregates at the silica-water interface mainly grow in the surface plane. A surfactant such as C12E5, which forms relatively large surface aggregates from the start, can only solubilize a small fraction of the long-chain alcohols before the system phase separates. This fraction was found not to result in any major structural changes in the surface layer. These findings are discussed in terms of surfactant packing and in relation to observations in bulk solutions reported earlier. Our study also includes measurements of adsorption and desorption kinetics for both the surfactant and the surfactant-alcohol systems. The main finding is that the effect of alcohol is most obvious in the desorption kinetics. We conclude that the effects observed are due to differences between the surfactant and the alcohol in monomer solubility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 15, p. 7719-7724
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27244DiVA, id: diva2:1054248
Note
A1341Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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