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Spreading dynamics of surfactant solutions
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
1999 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 15, 7069-7075 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The spreading behavior of microdrops of surfactant solutions at solid surfaces has been studied. The influence on the spreading of different factors, such as the drop lifetime prior to surface contact, surface tension dynamics, surface energy, and surfactant properties, was systematically investigated. The results obtained suggest the existence of two spreading regimes exhibiting different spreading characteristics: In the first, nondiffusive regime, the spreading is very rapid and controlled to different extents by inertia, gravity, and capillarity, depending on the drop size, impact energy, and interfacial tension balance. It is shown in this study that the initial drop surface tension, which is set by the surface tension decay rate and the drop lifetime prior to the surface impact, strongly influences the maximum spreading distance in the nondiffusive spreading regime. The second, diffusion-controlled regime, is characterized by slower concentration-dependent spreading rates. The spreading rate is, here, mainly controlled by the diffusive transport of surfactant to the expanding liquid-vapor interface. In this regime, the drop base radius exhibits an approximate rb2 t dependence on time. The spreading kinetics at hydrophobic surfaces has been discussed in the framework of a simplified theory. Depending on the assumptions regarding the drop shape, rb5/2 t to rb2 t spreading laws are obtained. This agrees reasonably with the experimentally observed relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 15, 7069-7075 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27242OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27242DiVA: diva2:1054246
Note
A1308Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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