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Titanium oral implants - surface characteristics, interface biology and clinical outcome
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of the Royal Society Interface, ISSN 1742-5689, E-ISSN 1742-5662, Vol. 7, no S.5, S515-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Bone-anchored titanium implants have revolutionized oral healthcare. Surface properties of oral titanium implants play decisive roles for molecular interactions, cellular response and bone regeneration. Nevertheless, the role of specific surface properties, such as chemical and phase composition and nanoscale features, for the biological in vivo performance remains to be established. Partly, this is due to limited transfer of state-of-the-art preparation techniques to complex three-dimensional geometries, analytical tools and access to minute, intact interfacial layers. As judged by the available results of a few randomized clinical trials, there is no evidence that any particular type of oral implant has superior long-term success. Important insights into the recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells, cell-cell communication at the interface and high-resolution imaging of the interface between the surface oxide and the biological host are prerequisites for the understanding of the mechanisms of osseointegration. Strategies for development of the next generation of material surface modifications for compromised tissue are likely to include time and functionally programmed properties, pharmacological modulation and incorporation of cellular components.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 7, no S.5, S515-27 p.
Keyword [en]
Gene expression, Oral implant, Osseointegration, Surface characterization, Titanium, Ultrastructure, Titanium oral implants - surface characteristics, interface biology and clinical outcome
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-27049DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2010.0118.focusOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-27049DiVA: diva2:1054053
Note
A3151Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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