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Adsorption of polyelectrolyte-nanoparticle systems on silica: Influence on interaction forces
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2000 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 228, 127-134 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this work, we have studied the interfacial properties of cationic polyelectrolyte (PE) and silica nanoparticle (NP) systems at macroscopic silica surfaces by means of ellipsometry. The influence of adsorbed layers on the interactions between silica surfaces was also investigated using the bimorph surface force apparatus. Added nanoparticles were observed to strongly swell the interfacial polyelectrolyte layers, an effect partly related to neutralisation of charged polyelectrolyte groups. The effect was more pronounced for low than highly charged polyelectrolytes. Overall, the presence of nanoparticles seemed to increase the repulsive interaction measured between silica surfaces. The force measured on approach was long-range and quite strongly repulsive. On separation, an attractive bridging interaction was measured for polyelectrolyte covered surfaces. For the low charged polyelectrolyte used in the study, the force turned repulsive on addition of nanoparticles. For the highly charged polyelectrolyte used, a change from a very strong attraction (involving a jump of the surfaces out of contact) to a very long-range elastic attractive force was observed on adding nanoparticles. The long-range elastic force indicates that polymer chains and nanoparticles form a transient network in the gap between the surfaces. The observed difference in the outward force curves may explain why the addition of nanoparticles appears to improve e.g., shear-resistance and re-flocculation characteristics of polymeric flocculants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 228, 127-134 p.
Keyword [en]
Cationic polyelectrolyte, nanoparticles, silica, adsorption, ellipsometry, forces, surface force measurements
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26712DiVA: diva2:1053715
Note
A1361Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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