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Derivation of expressions for the spontaneous curvature, mean and Gaussian bending constants of thermodynamically open surfactant monolayers and bilayers
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2003 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 118, 1440-1452 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

We have derived expressions for the spontaneous curvature H0, the mean and Gaussian bending constants, kc and c, respectively, for a surfactant film of finite thickness that is open in a thermodynamic sense. Geometrical packing constraints are taken into account and give rise to explicit large and important contributions to kc c, and kcH0. From its contribution to the latter quantity we may deduce that surfactant aggregates (micelles, vesicles, microemulsion droplets) are expected to dramatically increase their size with increasing surfactant tail length. Moreover, the coupling between free energy contributions related to surfactant head group and tail with geometrical packing constraints give rise to dominant terms on the form 2 pH0, where p is the thickness of a planar film, in the expressions for kc In the case of repulsive head group effects that favor a large spontaneous curvature, such as electrostatics, these terms raise kc and thus increase the rigidity of the film. Due to the constraint of constant free monomer chemical potentials, the composition of the film becomes a function of curvature. As a result, the ability of a surfactant film to have different surfactant compositions in differently curved parts (e.g., inner and outer layer of a vesicle, central parts and end caps of rod or threadlike micelles, etc.) may considerably reduce kc, whereas c and kcH0 are mainly unaffected by mixing. The magnitude of the reduction of kc of a binary surfactant film increases with increasing asymmetry between the two surfactants with respect to charge number, head group size, and tail volume

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 118, 1440-1452 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26645OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26645DiVA: diva2:1053648
Note
A1594Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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