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Stabilization of a thermosetting emulsion system using ionic and nonionic surfactants
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
1998 (English)In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 173, 103-116 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Ways of achieving a suitable local anesthetic formulation for use in the periodontal cavity were investigated in this study. By choosing poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) block copolymers as excipients, formulations which are low viscosity fluids at room temperature and rigid elastic gels at body temperature are obtained. Despite the solubilizing capacity of these polymers, formulations containing Lutrol(R) F127 (EO99PO65EO99) and the active ingredients lidocaine and prilocaine at the desired concentrations, i.e. approximately 25 mg g(-1) of each component, are unstable. In order to achieve a more stable formulation a second surfactant can be added to the system since it could help both to solubilize the hydrophobic active ingredients and to stabilize the droplets of lidocaine and prilocaine from flocculation and coalescence. Thus, formulations containing local anesthetic compounds comprising the oil phase, a block copolymer giving the system unique rheological properties, and a suitable second surfactant were evaluated with regard to rheological behavior, drug release properties and stability. The system needs to be balanced regarding the concentration of polymer, active ingredients and surfactant in order to achieve a formulation with suitable properties. Stable formulations with appropriate characteristics for the application in focus here were obtained with anionic, cationic and nonionic surfactants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 173, 103-116 p.
Keyword [en]
PEO-PPO-PEO block copolymers, thermoreversible gelation, surfactants, periodontal pocket, lidocaine, prilocaine
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26590DiVA: diva2:1053593
Note
A1311Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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