Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Micellization and gelation in block copolymer systems containing local anesthetics
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2000 (English)In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 211, 37-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A formulation consisting of a eutectic mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine, Lutrol(R) F68 and Lutrol(R) F127, suitable for anesthetizing the periodontal pocket has previously been developed. This consists of discrete micelles with a diameter of 20-30 nm and has a suitable gelation temperature, a good release profile and excellent long-term stability. In this study, the unimer/micelle transition and gel formation of the formulation, in its concentrated state, are investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dye solubilization, rheology, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) self-diffusion. The critical micellization temperature (cmt) and gelation temperature are found to be interconnected and influenced by cosolutes, such as electrolytes and hydrophobic substances, the latter as found particularly for the eutectic mixture of the local anesthetic agents lidocaine and prilocaine. Both cmt and the gelation temperature decrease with increasing pH of the system, i.e. at reduced solubility of the active ingredients. Moreover, both cmt and the gelation temperature increase upon diluting the system with water. The ratio between the two block copolymers present in the system also has an impact on both cmt and the gelation temperature, resulting in a decrease in onset tt temperature of both processes with an increase of Lutrol(R) F127, The amount of the active ingredients present in the micelle phase depends on the pH of thc system bring approximately 0% w/w at pH 5, 50-60% w/w at pH 7.8 and 80% w/w at pH 9.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 211, 37-49 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26586OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26586DiVA: diva2:1053589
Note
A1393Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet
In the same journal
International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 8 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.26.0