Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rheological properties of phospholipid-stabilized parenteral oil-in-water emulsions - effects of electrolyte concentration and presence of heparin
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2003 (English)In: International Journal of Pharmaceutics, ISSN 0378-5173, E-ISSN 1873-3476, Vol. 252, p. 123-132Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The theological properties of the parenteral oil-in-water emulsion Intralipid(TM) were investigated. The viscosity data at different phase volumes correlated well with that obtained via a theoretical model developed by Yaron and Gal-Or. The model also describes the temperature dependence well. The effects of electrolyte addition were also investigated. Monovalent sodium chloride had practically no influence on viscosity. Calcium chloride, on the other hand, had a large impact on viscosity even at low concentrations. It was shown that the obtained maximum in viscosity coincided with the zeta-potential being close to zero. The resulting increase in viscosity is due to flocculation that leads to an increase in apparent phase volume. A similar behaviour was obtained with magnesium chloride with the difference that the maximum in viscosity was shifted to higher electrolyte concentrations. This is interpreted as that because magnesium binds strongly to the hydration water than does calcium. The addition of the negatively charged anti-coagulant heparin causes flocculation in the presence of small amounts of calcium. The amounts of calcium needed for such bridging flocculation is lower than what is needed in order to create a positive potential at the surfaces of the droplets. A fraction of the floes is not broken down even by extensive shear

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 252, p. 123-132
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26584DiVA, id: diva2:1053587
Note
A1588Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

By organisation
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet
In the same journal
International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 8 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.35.3