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Solution behaviour of a formate capped surfactant - the oxidation product of an alcohol ethoxylate.
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
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1999 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 160, 229-236 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The solution behaviour has been investigated for an alcohol ethoxylate terminated with a formic acid ester. This compound has previously been reported to be an important degradation product in the auto-oxidation of alcohol ethoxylates. In this work we have investigated the solution behaviour of the formic acid ester surfactant C12H25(OCH2CH2)4OCHO (C12E4-OCHO). The pure formate was found to be sparsely soluble in water with no clear point at 0.1%. The critical micelle concentration was found to be 129 µM at 35°C, compared to 50 µM for the parent surfactant C12H25(OCH2CH2)5OH (C12E5). To mimic the behaviour of the oxidised surfactant, the formate was mixed in different ratios with C12E5 and the cloud point, surface tension and critical micelle concentration of these mixtures were studied. The gradual increase of formate was found to shift the cloud point and isotropic regions to lower temperatures. The cmc of the mixture was found to be lower than for the pure surfactant. The favourable interaction was analysed according to the non-ideal model by Rubingh and the interaction parameter, b, was determined to be -4, which is unusually large for a mixture of two nonionic surfactants. These results indicate that the reduction of cloud point observed during oxidation of nonionic surfactants can in part be attributed to the formation of formate esters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 160, 229-236 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26450DiVA: diva2:1053452
Note
A1238Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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