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Frictional properties of lyotropic liquid crystalline mesophases at surfaces
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2000 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 166, 67-77 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The lubricating effect of assemblies of amphiphiles at surfaces has been studied. Liquid crystalline mesophases were investigated in terms of frictional and wear properties in a pin on disc rig. It is shown that systems forming lamellar liquid crystals indeed serve as lubricating liquids, indicating that the lamellar liquid crystalline phase adsorb on the steel surface forming a lubricating tribofilm. Poor performance is obtained when the lubricating system is in a single phase, i.e. in this case a lamellar liquid crystalline region. However, good lubrication is found when the lamellar liquid crystalline phase is dispersed in the water. This is attributed to a low viscosity of the system rendering a fast relaxation of the system in order to form a new film after the disturbing action of the two sliding surfaces. The lamellar packing is altered by the addition of non-charged amphiphiles, such as short chain alcohols. Using different alcohols it was shown that aromatic short chain alcohols are detrimental to the wear. This was attributed to the Rebinder effect, i.e. a strong adsorption of the alcohol, which in turn facilitates crack formation and thus the wear. In systems with mixtures of cat- and anionic amphiphiles it was, not surprisingly found that the best lubrication is obtained with a slight excess of either surfactant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 166, 67-77 p.
Keyword [en]
Lamellar liquid crystal, lyotropic, lamellar, friction, boundary lubrication
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26445OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26445DiVA: diva2:1053447
Note
A1323Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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