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Oxidation of azo dyes in oil-in-water microemulsions catalyzed by metalloporphyrins in presence of lipophilic acids
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2001 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 183-185, 247-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Hydrogen peroxide oxidation of two aqueous azo dyes, methyl orange and amaranth, catalyzed by manganese porphyrins, have been performed in an oil-in-water microemulsion based on a nonionic surfactant, C12E8. A lipophilic acid was used as cocatalyst in a variable amount. The oxidation was followed by UV spectroscopy. It was shown that the reactions performed in the microemulsion were rapid for both dyes and the reaction rate increased strongly with increasing amount of lipophilic acid added to the reaction mixture. As reference, the same reactions were performed in a two-phase system without surfactant. The reaction profiles in the two-phase system were similar to those in the microemulsion, but the rate was considerably lower. The effect of addition of small amounts of ionic surfactant was also investigated. Addition of anionic surfactant gave a pronounced decrease in reaction rate, whereas a cationic surfactant gave a small reduction in rate. We propose that the rate-limiting step is formation of a metallo-acylperoxy complex at the boundary between oil and water domains. The metallo-acylperoxy complex oxidizes the azo dye in a subsequent step.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 183-185, 247-257 p.
Keyword [en]
Surfactant, microemulsion, two-phase, reaction, oxidation, hydrogen peroxide, dye, porphyrin, lipophilic acid, phase behavior
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26439OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26439DiVA: diva2:1053441
Note
A1424Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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