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Industrial manufactured silica nanoparticle sols. 2: Surface tension, particle concentration, foam generation and stability
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2009 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, E-ISSN 1873-4359, Vol. 337, no 1-3, p. 127-135Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Several earlier papers have revealed that several key parameters, such as hydrophobicity (contact angle), size, shape and degree of agglomeration, have an important influence on the behavior of particles at the air/water interface. However, the origin of foaming with particles is still not clear. In this article, we have tentatively related surface tension measurements and particle concentrations to the generation and stability of foam produced fromindustrial manufactured silica nanoparticle sols. Surprisingly, only slight reductions in surface tensionwere observed and the differences between the hydrophophilic and partially modified hydrophobic sols were small. However, in the case of the partially modified hydrophobic sol, the surface tension/concentration gradient was found to be pH and concentration responsive. Also, the greatest reduction in surface tension was found to occur at low pH (in the region of the pHpzc) and could be related to the highest foamability (foam generation) as determined in our earlier publication [I. Blute, R.J. Pugh, J. van de Pas, I. Callaghan, Silica nanoparticle sols. 1. Surface chemical characterization and evaluation of the foam generation (foamability), J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313 (2007) 645–655]. Also, after centrifugation of the moderately hydrophobic modified concentrated sols, foaming tests carried out on the supernatant indicated that the particle concentration had a dominant influence on foamability and foam stability. Since only transient foams, with relatively short lifetimes, could be produced with thesemodified silica nanoparticles then (a) further surface modification or the reduction of pH to increase the surface activity or (b) the addition of a cosurfactant would be needed to increase the foamability and achieve foams with extended lifetimes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 337, no 1-3, p. 127-135
Keywords [en]
Foamability, foams, foam stability, particle concentration, silica nanoparticles, surface tension
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26382DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2008.12.009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26382DiVA, id: diva2:1053384
Note
A1979Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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