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A receptor-based biosensor for lipoprotein docking at the endothelial surface and vascular matrix
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
2001 (English)In: Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663, E-ISSN 1873-4235, Vol. 16, 895-904 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Proteoheparan sulfate can be adsorbed to a methylated silica surface in a monomolecular layer via its transmembrane hydrophobic protein core domain. Due to electrostatic repulsion, its anionic glycosaminoglycan side chains are stretched out into the blood substitute solution, representing a receptor site for specific lipoprotein binding through basic amino acid-rich residues within their apolipoproteins. The binding process was studied by ellipsometric techniques showing that HDL has a high binding affinity to the receptor and a protective effect on interfacial heparan sulfate proteoglycan layers, with respect to LDL and Ca2+ complexation. LDL was found to deposit strongly at the proteoheparan sulfate, particularly in the presence of Ca2+, thus creating the complex formation `proteoglycan¯low density lipoprotein¯calcium'. This ternary complex build-up may be interpreted as arteriosclerotic nanoplaque formation on the molecular level responsible for the arteriosclerotic primary lesion. On the other hand, HDL bound to heparan sulfate proteoglycan protected against LDL docking and completely suppressed calcification of the proteoglycan¯lipoprotein complex. In addition, HDL and aqueous garlic extract were able to reduce the ternary complex deposition and to disintegrate HS-PG/LDL/Ca2+ aggregates. Although much remains unclear regarding the mechanism of lipoprotein depositions at proteoglycan-coated surfaces, it seems clear that the use of such systems offers possibilities for investigating lipoprotein deposition at a `nanoscopic' level under close to physiological conditions. In particular, Ca2+-promoted LDL deposition and the protective effect of HDL, even at high Ca2+ and LDL concentrations, agree well with previous clinical observations regarding risk and beneficial factors for early stages of atherosclerosis. Therefore, we believe that the system can be of some use in investigations, e.g. of the interplay between different lipoproteins in arteriosclerotic plaque formation, as well as in high throughput screening of candidate drugs to atherosclerosis in a biosensor application

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 16, 895-904 p.
Keyword [en]
Proteoglycan receptor, lipoproteins, calcification, drugs, arteriosclerosis model
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26331DiVA: diva2:1053333
Note
A1509Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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