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Top-down grafting of xyloglucan to gold monitored by QCM-D and AFM: Enzymatic activity and interactions with cellulose
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
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2008 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 9, no 3, 942-948 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study focuses on the manufacture and characterization of model surfaces consisting of end-grafted xyloglucan (XG), a naturally occurring polysaccharide, onto a gold substrate. The now well-established XET-technology was utilized for enzymatic incorporation of a thiol moiety at one end of the xyloglucan backbone. This functionalized macromolecule was subsequently top-down grafted to gold, forming a thiol-bonded xyloglucan brushlike layer. The grafting was monitored in situ with QCM-D, and a significant difference in the adsorbed/grafted amount between unmodified xyloglucan and the thiol-functionalized polymer was observed. The grafted surface was demonstrated to be accessible to enzyme digestion using the plant endo-xyloglucanase TmNXG1. The nanotribological properties toward cellulose of the untreated crystal, brush-modified surface, and enzyme-exposed surfaces were compared with a view to understanding the role of xyloglucan in friction reduction. Friction coefficients obtained by the AFM colloidal probe technique using a cellulose functionalized probe on the xyloglucan brush showed an increase of a factor of 2 after the enzyme digestion, and this result is interpreted in terms of surface roughness. Finally, the brush is shown to exhibit binding to cellulose despite its highly oriented nature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 9, no 3, 942-948 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26318OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26318DiVA: diva2:1053320
Note
A1938Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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