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Foaming, foam films, antifoaming and defoaming
YKI – Ytkemiska institutet.
1996 (English)In: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0001-8686, E-ISSN 1873-3727, Vol. 64, 67-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A general introduction to foams, the initial stages in the production of foams in aqueous solution, foam structures and the classification of bulk foams according to their lifetimes and stability are presented. Fundamental studies on horizontal and vertical isolated foam lamellae with emphasis on drainage and stability are reviewed. For freshly prepared foams containing fairly thick lamellae, the mechanical-dynamical properties of.the surface adsorbed layers (surface tension gradients) are decisive for retaining stability. Important parameters to be taken into consideration are the surface elasticity, viscosity (bulk and surface), gravity drainage and capillary suction. Also the film should exhibit low permeability to gases. Providing the stability of a foam film (containing dilute surfactant) is retained during the initial dynamic drain age pr cess, then eventually a static (equilibrium) situation will be reached at film thicknesses < 100 nm. In this region, interfacial interactions dominate and the stability of the film must be discussed in terms of the intermolecular forces (electrostatic double layer repulsion, dispersion force attraction and steric forces). This may lead to the formation of common black and Newton black films and these structures have been shown to be resilient to rupture and have low gas transfer characteristics. At high surfactant concentrations (>c.m.c.) stabilization of films and foams can occur by a micellar laying mechanism (stratification). Antifoaming and defoaming theories are presented, together with the mechanisms of heterogeneous antifoaming agents (non-polar oil, hydrophobic solid particles or mixtures of both) including recent theories describing the role of the emulsion and pseudo-emulsion film in the stability of foams containing oil droplets. Finally, defoaming by ultrasonic waves is briefly reviewed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 64, 67-142 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-26280OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-26280DiVA: diva2:1053282
Note
A965Available from: 2016-12-08 Created: 2016-12-08Bibliographically approved

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