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On the morphology of cellulose nanofibrils obtained by TEMPO-mediated oxidation and mechanical treatment
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2015 (English)In: Micron, ISSN 0968-4328, E-ISSN 1878-4291, Vol. 72, 28-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The morphological properties of cellulose nanofibrils obtained from eucalyptus pulp fibres were assessed. Two samples were produced with the same chemical treatment (NaClO/NaBr/TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical) oxidation), but distinct mechanical treatment intensities during homogenization. It was shown that the nanofibrils production yield increases with the mechanical energy. The effect of mechanical treatment on the yield was confirmed by laser profilometry of air-dried nanocellulose films. However, no significant differences were detected regarding the nanofibrils width as measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) of air-dried films. On the other hand, differences in size were found either by laser diffraction spectroscopy or by dynamic light scattering (DLS) of the cellulose nanofibrils suspensions as a consequence of the differences in the length distribution of both samples. The nanofibrils length of the more nanofibrillated sample was calculated based on the width measured by AFM and the hydrodynamic diameter obtained by DLS. A length value of ca. 600. nm was estimated. The DLS hydrodynamic diameter, as an equivalent spherical diameter, was used to estimate the nanofibrils length assuming a cylinder with the same volume and with the diameter (width) assessed by AFM. A simple method is thus proposed to evaluate the cellulose nanofibrils length combining microscopy and light scattering methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 72, 28-33 p.
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Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Nano Technology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-18935DOI: 10.1016/j.micron.2015.02.003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84924678472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-18935DiVA: diva2:1040135
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cited By 2

Available from: 2016-10-26 Created: 2016-10-26 Last updated: 2016-10-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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