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Modelling of waste collection - A general approach to calculate fuel consumption and time
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut, SIK – Institutet för livsmedel och bioteknik.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0167-5603
2000 (English)In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 115-123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A model for calculating time and energy consumption during the collection of waste with compacting trucks is presented. The model uses common statistics from a number of households in three different categories of residential area: the average distance from the residential area to treatment facility/transfer station, fuel consumption per km for the truck and average load and speed. This common and easily accessible information is completed with figures for time and energy consumption related to the extra work that is performed on account of stopping and emptying bins. Default values for those parameters are presented in this paper, estimated using data from a Swedish municipality. Data from four areas in Sweden were used for verification. The model predicts the real outcome relatively well: between 5 and 14% deviation for energy consumption and between 10 and 24% deviation for time consumption.A model for calculating time and energy consumption during the collection of waste with compacting trucks is presented. The model uses common statistics from a number of households in three different categories of residential area: the average distance from the residential area to treatment facility/transfer station, fuel consumption per km for the truck and average load and speed. This common and easily accessible information is completed with figures for time and energy consumption related to the extra work that is performed on account of stopping and emptying bins. Default values for those parameters are presented in this paper, estimated using data from a Swedish municipality. Data from four areas in Sweden were used for verification. The model predicts the real outcome relatively well: between 5 and 14% deviation for energy consumption and between 10 and 24% deviation for time consumption.The consumption of time and energy in a waste collection cycle using compacting trucks is expressed in a model. The model is based on residential data in three areas: the average distance from the neighborhood to the treatment or transfer facility, truck fuel consumption, and average load and speed. Additional calculations are made for time and energy consumption relative to the work required for stopping and emptying the waste bins. Defaults are calculated from a study on waste collection in a Swedish municipality, and verified with data from four other municipalities. The model predictions were relatively accurate, at 5-15% deviation for energy consumption, and 10-24% deviation for time consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 18, no 2, p. 115-123
Keywords [en]
Food Engineering
Keywords [sv]
Livsmedelsteknik
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-9429DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-3070.2000.00099.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-9429DiVA, id: diva2:967304
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Sonesson, Ulf

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