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A novel soft tissue model for biomaterial-associated infection and inflammation - Bacteriological, morphological and molecular observations
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, E-ISSN 1878-5905, Vol. 41, p. 106-121Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Infection constitutes a major risk for implant failure, but the reasons why biomaterial sites are more vulnerable than normal tissue are not fully elucidated. In this study, a soft tissue infection model was developed, allowing the analysis of cellular and molecular responses in each of the sub-compartments of the implant-tissue interface (on the implant surface, in the surrounding exudate and in the tissue). Smooth and nanostructured titanium disks with or without noble metal chemistry (silver, gold, palladium), and sham sites, were inoculated with Staphylococcus epidermidis and analysed with respect to number of viable bacteria, number, viability and gene expression of host cells, and using different morphological techniques after 4 h, 24 h and 72 h. Non-infected rats were controls. Results showed a transient inflammatory response at control sites, whereas bacterial administration resulted in higher recruitment of inflammatory cells (mainly polymorphonuclear), higher, continuous cell death and higher gene expression of tumour necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, Toll-like receptor 2 and elastase. At all time points, S. epidermidis was predominantly located in the interface zone, extra- and intracellularly, and lower levels were detected on the implants compared with surrounding exudate. This model allows detailed analysis of early events in inflammation and infection associated to biomaterials in vivo leading to insights into host defence mechanisms in biomaterial-associated infections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 41, p. 106-121
Keywords [en]
Animal model, Bacteria, Infection, Inflammation, Nanotopography
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-6795DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.11.032PubMedID: 25522970Local ID: 23581OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-6795DiVA, id: diva2:964635
Available from: 2016-09-08 Created: 2016-09-08 Last updated: 2019-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Petronis, SarunasLausmaa, Jukka

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MedicinteknikSP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut / Funktionella material (KMf)
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