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Using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to determine toxic gases in fires with lithium-ion batteries
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3690-387x
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6430-6602
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0748-192x
RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5364-449x
2016 (English)In: Fire and Materials, ISSN 0308-0501, E-ISSN 1099-1018, Vol. 40, no 8, p. 999-1015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Batteries, in particular lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries, are seen as an alternative to fossil fuels in the automotive sector. Li-ion batteries, however, have some safety issues including possible emissions of toxic fluorine-containing compounds during fire and other abuse situations. This paper demonstrates the possibilities to use the Fourier transform infrared technique to assess some of the most important compounds, including hydrogen fluoride and the far less often measured POF3 and PF5. The study is conducted in the cone calorimeter with different solvents used in Li-ion batteries. The measurements show that, in addition to hydrogen fluoride, with a known high toxicity, POF3 is emitted and can be quantified using Fourier transform infrared.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley and Sons Ltd. , 2016. Vol. 40, no 8, p. 999-1015
Keywords [en]
FTIR, Li‐ion batteries, fire emissions, electrolyte, HF, POF3, LiPF6
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-431DOI: 10.1002/fam.2359Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84960194801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-431DiVA, id: diva2:942314
Available from: 2016-06-23 Created: 2016-06-23 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, PetraBlomqvist, PerLoren, AndersLarsson, Fredrik

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