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Water Spray Fire Suppression Tests Comparing Gasoline-Fuelled and Battery Electric Vehicles
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety. (Brandskydd)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6264-7307
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Fire and Safety.ORCID iD: 0009-0001-2338-9077
2023 (English)In: Fire technology, ISSN 0015-2684, E-ISSN 1572-8099, Fire Technology, Vol. 59, no 6, p. 3391-3414Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Closed ro-ro spaces on maritime vehicle carriers are usually protected by a total-flooding carbon dioxide system. Such systems have many benefits, for example that there are no residues that can adversely affect the protected objects (in this case thousands of vehicles) and the agent is electrically non-conductive. However, there could be a considerable time delay from the start of a fire until the carbon dioxide system is discharged. Experience has shown that this delay time can cause significant fire damage and jeopardize the performance of the system. Within the EU funded LASH FIRE project, design and installation guidelines for supplementary automatic water-based fire sprinkler systems were developed. An important design feature is that the system automatically activates at an early stage of a fire. This would allow more time to fight the fire manually or to safely evacuate the space and discharge the CO2 system when the fire is controlled to one or a few vehicles instead of at a time when it has escalated in size. The work was partly based on a comprehensive literature review that identified relevant standards and information applicable to the design of automatic fire sprinkler and deluge water spray systems. Large-scale fire tests verified that the suggested system designs were able to provide control of realistic vehicle fires, including fires in passenger cars and a freight truck.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023. Vol. 59, no 6, p. 3391-3414
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-72459DOI: 10.1007/s10694-023-01473-wOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-72459DiVA, id: diva2:1847426
Available from: 2024-03-27 Created: 2024-03-27 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved

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Arvidson, MagnusWestlund, Örjan

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